How Will the “Opioid War” Affect People with Cancer?

Both the federal and state regulations may force cancer survivors to endure chronic pain

The United States is at war on a number of fronts. But here at home, a war is waging that might best be called the “Opioid War.” And like most wars, it is having a number of serious and unintended consequences.

Doctor holding a bottle of opioids for patient

Credit: sanctuary.net

As deaths from both prescription and non-prescription opioids skyrocketed in recent years, American policymakers have responded in a number of ways. The most pervasive of these has been to pass laws and regulations that limit which opioids doctors can prescribe, and in what doses and under what circumstances they can prescribe them. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has also issued guidelines that discourage the use of opiates for patients with chronic pain. The goal: to limit the amount of prescription painkillers in circulation and decrease opioid-related deaths.

The result of these efforts has been a decrease in the number of opioid prescriptions patients receive. However, there has not been a concomitant decrease in overall drug deaths. In fact, over 50,000 Americans died from drug overdoses in 2016, the highest number ever reported. And while the death rate from prescription opioid overdoses stayed relatively flat, deaths from heroin were up 23 percent. Even more disturbingly, deaths from illicit synthetic opioids such as fentanyl were up a whopping 73 percent.

Thus, it appears that the nation’s Opioid War is failing miserably — at least in curbing drug-related deaths. However, it has succeeded in limiting legal access to prescription painkillers for many patients who need them, including those with cancer.

Cancer Pain Undertreated

Historically, cancer pain has been seriously undertreated. This is especially true for people who are no longer undergoing intensive therapies and are doing “well.” Yet, according to Dr. Natalie Moryl, a pain specialist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City, up to 40 percent of patients who are “off-therapy” report persistent pain. And it’s these patients who are at the greatest risk of needless suffering.

“It is important that there are proper measures in place to prevent overdoses,” Dr. Moryl said in a statement on the MSKCC website. “But we in the cancer community place the highest priority on controlling the pain of our patients.”

Dr. Moryl goes on to describe the obstacles that even cancer patients who are undergoing treatment now face. She relates the case of a young single mother with breast cancer who was suffering persistent pain. Her primary doctor prescribed a fentanyl patch, a safe means of delivering a strong painkiller continuously through the skin. Unfortunately, the patch is only effective for 72 hours. And because of stricter prescribing guidelines, her pharmacy could only dispense one patch at a time.

woman in pain who has no access to opioids

Many cancer patients suffer persistent pain
Credit: icytales.com

Every three days the patient had to contact her doctor’s office to get a three-day supply of the opioid e-prescribed, then go to the pharmacy and wait for the prescription to be filled — all while being very ill from the cancer and busy receiving radiation and chemotherapy as well as being a single parent for her teenage daughter,” Dr. Moryl says.

Looking for Solutions

Dr. Moryl is a member of the Adult Cancer Pain Panel for the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The group is an alliance of leading cancer centers that develops treatment guidelines for cancer and cancer-related symptoms such as pain. She and other members of the initiative work with pharmacies and insurers to teach them about the importance of pain management in cancer care.

Teaching safety and safe storage practices to patients is also important, Moryl explains. As a rule, opioids are very safe for cancer patients. The risk of addiction is minimal, and most overdose deaths occur in people for whom the medication was not prescribed. “My colleagues and I make a point of explaining why it’s essential not to share medications with family members or friends — or other cancer patients — and to store the drugs safely,” she says. “Even disposing of the drugs properly is important…You should not have leftovers from six months ago sitting around.”

As drug-related deaths continue to soar, it’s inevitable that lawmakers will seek even more restrictions on prescription opioids, regardless of how effective those restrictions are at preventing deaths. In the meantime, Dr. Moryl and others like her will continue to help patients living with cancer achieve a reasonable quality of life.

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2 Responses to How Will the “Opioid War” Affect People with Cancer?

  1. avatar Lynn Scott says:

    I find it very interesting that oncological surgeons are willing to treat the cancer but will not get involved in the aftermath of the person having gone through the treatments. The prevailing attitude is you are now fixed and you are better off than when you came in. But what about the pain? My stomach was 90% removed along with a radical hysterectomy for Stage IV signet cell cancer going to the ovaries and most recently I had my rt kidney removed because it was destroyed by cancer cells. This has been a long run and there have been times when I almost thought death would be the answer. So I get sorted out, pain meds allow me to exercise and try to come back but to day when I went to the pain clinic I was grilled by a prosecuting PC and she told me she was not comfortable treating me and I need to see a psychiatrist. I was depressed 15 months earlier because the FU5 chemo was killing me. I have never been so degraded as I was today.

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  2. avatar Kathleen Clohessy (Blog Writer, SevenPonds) says:

    Oh Lynn I am so sorry. To go through cancer therapy, suffer persistent pain and then be treated like a criminal by some uninformed physician is really more than anyone should have to bear. Unfortunately, this is happening more and more because of our government’s approach to controlling opioid deaths. It doesn’t matter to them that their approach is failing and has always failed. It doesn’t matter to them that human beings are needlessly suffering. It’s all about optics and appearances. It’s very sad.

    Is there any chance that you can see a palliative care doctor? You have a long history of a very serious illness, and that is exactly what palliative care is for. You don’t have to be dying…In fact, Medicare will pay for palliative care and curative treatment simultaneously now. If you live near a major medical center they probably have a palliative care team. Or maybe your oncologist can recommend someone?

    Good luck to you! Again, I am so sorry that you’ve gone through so much.
    Kathleen

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